How to change users in Windows 8

How to change users in Windows 8


How to change users in Windows 8


if you share your PC with another person, you know that logging off one account and logging onto another is faster than rebooting. You also know that switching between accounts is even faster.
But in Windows 8, the option isn't where experienced Windows users would expect it to be. It's yet another case of Microsoft making things easier for novice users at the expense of everyone else. The company renamed and moved these options in a way that actually makes sense. But for experienced Windows hands, there's a slight learning curve.

How to change users in Windows 8
Log off is now called Sign Off. There's no longer an option called Switch user, but there doesn't have to be; the users' names are right there to switch to. And rather than putting these options in the Power section, they're at the user icon.
You'll find your name, and maybe your picture, in the top-right corner of the Start screen. Click or tap it. If there are other user accounts on this computer, you can select one and switch. As with earlier versions, your existing account will remain open, so you can switch back and pick up where you left off.
Of course you'll have to enter your password.
To completely log off of one account and log onto another, click or tap your name or picture and select Sign out. You'll be prompted to log on (or perhaps I should say "sign in") as another user.
Note: I altered this article shortly after it went on line. I changed the title to better reflect the article's content.

Control your computer energy

Control your computer energy

 Control your computer energy


When locked, Windows doesn't power down. Instead, it displays the logon screen--or the screen saver of your choice. This is strictly a security option; it doesn't save power.
Control your computer energy
You set up Windows to lock itself in the Screen Saver dialog box. To get there in Windows 7, click Start, type screen saver, and select Change screen saver. In Windows 8's Home screen, type screen saver, click or tap Settings, and select Change screen saver.
When locked, Windows doesn't power down. Instead, it displays the logon screen--or the screen saver of your choice. This is strictly a security option; it doesn't save power.When locked, Windows doesn't power down. Instead, it displays the logon screen--or the screen saver of your choice. This is strictly a security option; it doesn't save power.
To lock the screen automatically, check the On resume option and set the Wait option to an appropriate number of minutes. The default, one minute, is decidedly too short.


When it sleeps, Windows goes into a suspended, low-energy mode which requires only a trickle of electricity. When you press the power button, it wakes up almost immediately, asks for your password, then takes you back to where you left it.
To set this up in Windows 7, click Start, type sleep, and select Change when the computer sleeps. In Windows 8's Start screen, type sleep, click or tap Settings, then Change when the computer sleeps.
Once the appropriate applet is up, everything is pretty simple. If you've got a laptop, you'll probably have separate On Battery and Plugged In options.
Control your computer energy


Physically, a hibernating PC is a turned-off PC, effectively using no power at all. Windows copies everything in RAM to the hard drive, then shuts the PC off entirely. When you reboot, everything is loaded back into RAM and the PC wakes up.
Control your computer energy
You'll have to do a little more work to set your PC to automatically hibernate. In the same applet where you set up Sleep, click the Change Advanced power settings link. In the resulting dialog box, expand the Sleep section, then expand Hibernate after, and set the minutes.
By the way, you don't have to pick between these three. You can, for instance, set up Windows to lock itself after five minutes, sleep after 20, and hibernate after 120.

15 Windows problems and solutions

  15 Windows problems and solutions


 15 Windows problems and solutions



1. Protect your data

USB flash drives are convenient, portable, and very easy to lose. Which is a problem, especially if they're carrying sensitive data. Fortunately Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise have the solution: encrypt your documents with an extension of Microsoft's BitLocker technology, and only someone with the password will be able to access it. Right-click your USB flash drive, select Turn on BitLocker and follow the instructions to protect your private files.

Windows problems and solutions

2. Minimise quickly with shake

If you have multiple windows open on your desktop and things are getting too cluttered, it used to be a time-consuming process to close them all down. In Windows 7 you can use the Aero Shake feature to minimise everything in seconds, using a cool mouse gesture. Grab the title bar of the window you wish to keep open and give it a shake, and rejoice in a clear desktop area.

3. Configure your favourite music

The Windows 7 Media Centre now comes with an option to play your favourite music, which by default creates a changing list of songs based on your ratings, how often you play them, and when they were added (it's assumed you'll prefer songs you've added in the last 30 days). If this doesn't work then you can tweak how Media Centre decides what a favourite tune is- click Tasks > Settings > Music > Favourite Music and configure the program to suit your needs.

4. Customise System Restore(Windows problems and solutions)

There was very little you could do to configure System Restore in Vista, but Windows 7 improves the situation with a couple of useful setup options.
Click the Start orb, right-click Computer and select Properties > System Protection > Configure, and set the Max Usage value to a size that suits your needs (larger to hold more restore points, smaller to save disk space).
And if you don't need System Restore to save Windows settings then choose the option to Only Restore Previous Versions of Files. Windows 7 won't back up your Registry, which means you'll squeeze more restore points and file backups into the available disk space. System Restore is much less likely to get an unbootable PC working again, though, so use this trick at your own risk.
nd this will take effect after you next reboot.

5. Tweak PC volume

By default Windows 7 will now automatically reduce the volume of your PC's sounds whenever it detects you're making or receiving PC-based phone calls. If this proves annoying (or maybe you'd like it to turn off other sounds altogether) then you can easily change the settings accordingly. Just right-click the speaker icon in your taskbar, select Sounds > Communications, and tell Windows what you'd like it to do.

6. Rearrange the system tray

With Windows 7 we finally see system tray icons behave in a similar way to everything else on the taskbar. So if you want to rearrange them, then go right ahead, just drag and drop them into the order you like. You can even move important icons outside of the tray, drop them onto the desktop, then put them back when you no longer need to keep an eye on them.

7. Extend your battery life

Windows 7 includes new power options that will help to improve your notebook's battery life. To see them, click Start, type Power Options and click the Power Options link, then click Change Plan Settings for your current plan and select Change Advanced Settings. Expand Multimedia Settings, for instance, and you'll see a new Playing Video setting that can be set to optimise power savings rather than performance. Browse through the other settings and ensure they're set up to suit your needs.

8. Write crash dump files(Windows problems and solutions)

Windows 7 won't create memory.dmp crash files if you've less than 25GB of free hard drive space, annoying if you've installed the Windows debugging tools and want to diagnose your crashes. You can turn this feature off, though: browse to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\CrashControl, create a new DWORD value called AlwaysKeepMemoryDump, set it to 1, and the crash dump file will now always be saved.

9. Repair your PC(Windows problems and solutions)

If Windows 7 won't start, you may not need an installation or repair disc any more, as the repair environment is now usually installed on your hard drive. Press [F8] as your PC starts, and if you see a Repair Your Computer option, choose that to see the full range of Windows 7 recovery tools.

Windows problems and solutions

10. Action Center(Windows problems and solutions)

Version: 7
Windows problems and solutions
Click the flag icon in the Taskbar's notification area to access the Action Center. Here you can get an at-a-glance look at problems, plus launch a series of troubleshooters to help quickly fix the problems that plague you, without getting your hands dirty.
11. Show printer ink levels(Windows problems and solutions)

Version: XP, Vista, 7
If you've just upgraded to a new version of Windows and can't access your printer's ink levels, the bad news is that Windows installed a basic driver without the function.
Check the manufacturer's site for a dedicated driver and – if it exists – install that.
12. Fix Windows driver problems
Version: XP, Vista, 7
Most hardware problems can be traced to the drivers, the software that enables them to work with Windows. When it comes to tracking down problems, the first port of call should be Windows' own Device Manager – here's how to troubleshoot problems using this useful tool.
Step 1. Open Device Manager
Windows problems and solutions
Press [Windows] + [R], type "devmgmt. msc" and press [Enter]. Look for yellow exclamation marks next to troublesome hardware devices and double-click one.
Step 2. Get error details
Windows problems and solutions
Look on the General tab for an error code and description of the problem – if a troubleshoot button is present, click it to see if you can fi x the problem easily.
Step 3. Search online
Windows problems and solutions
If no fix is forthcoming, use the error details as part of your web search – try a general search first, then add your hardware's make and model if necessary.
13. Resolve ReadyBoost conflict (Windows problems and solutions)

Version: Vista, 7
Your PC can only use one ReadyBoost device at a time, and some computers come with built-in flash memory already configured for use with ReadyBoost.
To resolve this conflict click Start, rightclick Computer and select Manage, then under Storage choose "Disk Management" to verify the existence of such a drive. Look for a program called Intel Turbo Memory Console (type "Intel" into the Start menu's Search box) and open this to disable the built-in drive in favour of your own.
14. Folder settings not remembered(Windows problems and solutions)

Version: XP, Vista, 7
If you find you can no longer customise folders to look and behave how you want, the solution involves some editing of with two Registry subkeys – BagMRU and Bags – which are found in two separate locations: Shell and ShellNoRoam under HKEY_ CURRENT_USER\Software\ Microsoft\Windows.
Think this sounds like too much hassle? No problem, just open the Microsoft Fix It Center tool (see tip three) and run the "Diagnose and repair Windows Files and Folder Problems" wizard. This will do the hard work for you.
15. PC keeps rebooting
Version: XP, Vista, 7
If your PC restarts unexpectedly after briefly displaying a blue screen, then it's encountered a STOP error. If this keeps occurring you need to identify it.
Windows problems and solutions
In Vista and Windows 7 you can stop Windows automatically restarting from the Windows boot menu that should appear; if you use XP click Start, right-click My Computer and select Properties > Advanced tab. Click Settings under "Startup and Recovery" and untick "Automatically restart" before clicking OK twice.
Now when the STOP error occurs you'll see a blue screen with details of the error message; note down the description, any files it refers to, and the STOP error code. Then search the web for these terms to hopefully find a solution.(Windows problems and solutions)

How to Choose the Right Motherboard to Build Your Computer

computer builder

computer builder

computer builder
computer builder

Motherboards are often unnoticed by most computer stuff. In fact it plays a rattling serious part to develop your machine. It was the introductory feeling you requisite to be learned because it dictates the boilersuit capabilities of your grouping. This article faculty learn you how to determine wisely the good motherboard to physique your computer.(computer builder)

Here are both things to be wise in choosing the opportune motherboard

1. The maximum processor swiftness. Adjudicate what is the uncomparable modify that suits your needs and also for your ulterior counselling of upgrading it. The socket it can palm. Intel processors offers incompatible socket for their fresh free processor. It capital that you possess limitations on upgrading your method into a newer variant of their processor. Unlike AMD processors they stay the assonant to their socket. A advised mind for this is to prefer a motherboard that supports AMD processor.(computer builder)

2. The ratio of storage and what benignant of module it can concur. DDR, DDR2 and DDR3 are completely diverse and DDR3 is the fastest of them all. Another thing is the filler of remembering it can hold. Newer type of motherboards can connection up to 16GB of store and that was quite big enough. You modify select a skate that supports DDR3 and the fastest locomote the motherboard can grip.(computer builder)

3. The discussion slots. What remaining cards you can tie into it? Mostly free motherboards in the market are now having a PCI-E 16x and PCI-E 1x which is the most widely utilised increase interval time. The primo happening to do is to determine motherboard with an supernumerary sort of slots that you faculty be required for your approaching discourse.(computer builder)

4. What remaining peripherals you can join into it? The identify of SATA and ATA/IDE beam. The circumscribe of USB embrasure. Does it jibe the name ports you're feat to use including for your ulterior needs?(computer builder)

5. What are the built-in features? Built-in features are encircling game that are unsegregated into your motherboard. Any of these are strong, recording, LAN and modem. If your applications are purely part create you can hold money if you decide a motherboard having a built-in recording bill on it. But, if your applications are author on graphics I evoke you buy a part video cards.(computer builder)

6. The chipset beingness misused. Chipsets are immobile into the motherboard and it greatly affects your scheme performance. Punk motherboard mostly uses low end chipset but it doesn't will that overpriced boards utilised the unexceeded chipset out there. The someone objective to do is to conclude reviews for your chosen motherboard to jazz its performance.(computer builder)

7. The Price. Flat though if you're in a hermetic budget the motherboard is not the endmost action you acquire to kill. A great motherboard is change than a complete hunt casing.(computer builder)

Read how to decide the uncomparable computer parts for you to Frame Own Computer. Rey Basti is a computer constituent instructor for statesman than 12 years and prepared to cater you to Physique Your Machine in 8 undemanding to take steps.(computer builder)

computer builder

Speed Up Windows 7

Speed Up Windows 7

Speed Up Windows 7

Speed Up Windows 7,

 Speed Up Windows 7
A number of factors could be slowing down a PC. Let's look at some of the common ones, starting with the issues that are the easiest to detect and to fix.
Defrag the Hard Drive I'll be honest; it's been at least a decade since I've seen empirical evidence proving that a

Speed Up Windows 7
fragmented hard drive slows a PC. But a lot of people insist that it does, and defragging certainly won't hurt. To defrag your hard drive:
  1. Click Start and select Computer or My Computer.
  2. Right-click your C: drive and select Properties.
  3. Click the Tools tab, then the Defragment now button.
Check For Malware A malicious program working in the background could slow down your PC while also doing more serious damage. If your PC is infected, chances are that your existing antivirus program is compromised. Try something else. I recommend using the free version of either SUPERAntiSpyware or Malwarebytes' Anti-Malware. Or the AVG Rescue CD, which scans in a non-Windows--and therefore non-infected--environment.
Trim Down Your Autoloaders If you're like most Windows users, you have too many programs loading automatically every time you boot. Turning some of them off may help. You don't have to uninstall the programs, just keep them from loading when you don't need them.
Of course, some autoloaders are absolutely necessary. For instance, you must have an antivirus program running at all times. Whatever other programs you want to autoload is up to you.
To manage your autoloaders:
  1. Click Start (Start, then Run in XP), type msconfig, and press ENTER.
  2. Click the Startup tab.
  3. Uncheck some of the programs to disable their autostarting. Experiment until you're satisfied.
Here's another option: Download and install the free Glary Utilities and use its Startup Manager (which you'll find on the Optimize and Improve tab). Unlike Msconfig, it gives you useful information about the Startup programs.

Speed Up Windows 7
Speed Up Windows 7,

The final solution for Blue Screen

The final solution for Blue Screen

The final solution for Blue Screen

You're working on an important project, and suddenly your screen is filled with seemingly incoherent white text against a blue background. There's nothing you can do but reboot your PC and hope that everything important was saved to your hard drive.
Microsoft calls these stop errors, but everyone else prefers a more descriptive label: The Blue Screen of Death (BSoD).
They're not as common as they used to be, but BSoDs still happen (I experienced one two days ago as I write this). If you get one, curse, reboot, and hope for the best. But if you're getting them frequently, you've got a problem that needs fixing.
The trick is to find information about your particular BSoD, and then--since that information usually comes in an obtuse form--search the Internet for more practical advice.
What should you look for when the BSoD is in front of you? You'll find useful data immediately below the first paragraph, and under the "Technical information" label near the bottom of the screen. I've highlighted those areas on the image below.Blue Screen

Blue Screen

Since you can't use Windows' Snipping Tool to capture a BSoD screen, you'll need to write down the important information on paper.Blue Screen

Click for full image
Blue ScreenBlue Screen
Or you can use a camera or phone to photograph the screen. Just don't expect a great-looking photo--or even an easily readable one. You can also get information on the BSoD after you've rebooted:
If you get a "Windows has recovered from an unexpected shutdown" message, you're in luck. Click View problem details for technical information.Blue Screen

Blue Screen
You can also click Check for solution, but don't expect much help there. In my experience, this button rarely does anything.Blue Screen

Blue Screen
You can also get information, after rebooting, via the free and portable program BlueScreenView. This lists all of your recent BSoDs and offers the needed info.Blue Screen

Blue Screen
However you get the info, intelligent use of a search engine can probably bring up something useful.
If it doesn't, here are some other tests you might try:
  • Check the health of your RAM with Memtest86+.
  • Update your drivers with SlimDrivers.
  • Diagnose your hard drive with HD Tune.

Get rid of the thieves Wi-Fi

computer tips

 Get rid of the thieves Wi-Fi

computer tips
Going visiting this holiday season? If you’re staying with friends or family members, don’t be surprised if the bed is lumpy, the room is cold, and the Wi-Fi is locked down.
Not on purpose, of course. Nearly everyone has a home Wi-Fi network nowadays, but not everyone remembers their network password when guests start showing up with tablets, laptops, and phones in need of Internet.  Typically, this happens because after Uncle Rusty sets up the router, he never has to touch it again and eventually his unbeatable password gets forgotten. Result: No Wi-Fi for you, or any other visitor.

Wi-Fi Wizarding 101(computer tips)

Thankfully, there are a few simple tricks for solving this problem. The fastest, quickest way to remedy a lack of Internet is to fire up your smartphone’s hotspot option, though if you’re out in the country (grandma does live over the river and through the woods), the connection could be slow. Worse, streaming a couple of Netflix movies will quickly burn through your monthly data allotment.
No, the only smart fix here is to wrangle your host’s router, to duck into the settings and make the network more amenable to guests. Tricky? It might be, but I bet it'll be easier than you think.
Step one: get permission. You wouldn’t go poking around someone’s underwear drawer without asking, and the same rules apply to fiddling with someone’s lifeline to the Internet. In fact, you should be prepared to pay for a tech support call if your monkeying around tanks the whole setup—nothing ruins a holiday like busted Wi-Fi.
Next, see if there’s an easy software fix. I recommend you start by checking out NirSoft’s WirelessKeyView, a free utility designed
WirelessKeyView(computer tips)
to help recover lost WEP/WPA passwords. Just run it (with permissions!) on your host’s computer—it requires no installation, and in fact can run right from a flash drive toolset (you do carry a survival flash drive filled with handy tools and utilities, right?)—then look for the password (or “key”) associated with the network name. If it works, you should be able to log into the network on your own laptop, tablet, or whatever.
However, WirelessKeyView will work only if your host used Windows’ Wireless Zero Configuration service to connect to the router. There’s probably no way to know that in advance, but you should definitely try your luck with the utility—it could be a 10-second solution.
If not, you’ll need to sign into the router directly, which must be done via the Web browser on your host’s computer. But first it’s time for a little detective work, starting with eyeballing the actual router to determine the make and model. You need to find two key pieces of information: the IP address and the default password.
The IP address is what you’ll enter into the browser’s address field to establish the initial connection to the router. The vast majority of them use one of the following:
If you type in one of those addresses and then press Enter, you should find yourself looking at the router’s sign-in screen. If not, a little Web searching should reveal the correct IP address. Try something like, “Trendnet N300 default IP address.” Alternately, head to the router manufacturer’s website and peruse the support pages. You should be able to find an online manual for that particular router, if not a FAQ page that lists the address.
computer tips is an invaluable resource for accessing routers that haven't been customized.
Now it’s time to sign into the router proper. Hopefully the owner never bothered to change the default username and password, in which case you should head to, select the router brand from the drop-down menu, then click Find Password. You’ll see a list with all the default usernames and passwords for that brand’s models. Find the one that matches, then give it a try.
If your host did set up a unique username and password for the router (which, remember, will probably be different from the password for the Wi-Fi network itself, which is ultimately what you’re after), and doesn’t have them written down or committed to memory, this may be where you reach an impasse. Although most routers can be reset to factory settings (again, Google it), thereby wiping all passwords, that may be more than you want to take on during a friendly holiday visit.
computer tips
If you can set up your host's router to allow guest access, you're well on your way to having a harmonious holiday.
Let’s assume, though, that you were able to sign in. Now it’s just a matter of finding the Wi-Fi network settings, which in most router menus are plainly labeled. (If not, the aforementioned online manual should help you locate them.) From here you have two choices: change the network password or enable guest access.
If you change the network password, make sure to write it down for your host for safekeeping. Also, do the cool thing and sign back into the network on each of his or her devices, as each one will have to reconnect using the new password.
The better option, however, is guest access, a feature common on most newer routers. Enabling it allows visitors like yourself to get online while restricting access to other areas of the network, and without revealing the primary network password. Again, make sure to clear it with your friend or relative before setting this up. But it really is the best option for keeping a home network private while still allowing visitors to hit up the Wi-Fi. And once it’s set up, you’ll never again dread spending a long weekend with those people. Well, except for the usual reasons.

 computer tips